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20230725 Fatty acid synthesis and oxidation regulate human endoderm differentiation by mediating SMAD3 nuclear localization via acetylation

Yi, Y., Lan, X., Li, Y., Yan, C., Lv, J., Zhang, T., and Jiang, W.* (2023). Fatty acid synthesis and oxidation regulate human endoderm differentiation by mediating SMAD3 nuclear localization via acetylation. Dev Cell S1534-5807(23)00335-0.(蒋卫)

 

Abstract

Metabolic remodeling is one of the earliest events that occur during cell differentiation. Here, we define fatty acid metabolism as a key player in definitive endoderm differentiation from human embryonic stem cells. Fatty acid β-oxidation is enhanced while lipogenesis is decreased, and this is due to the phosphorylation of lipogenic enzyme acetyl-CoA carboxylase by AMPK. More importantly, inhibition of fatty acid synthesis by either its inhibitors or AMPK agonist significantly promotes human endoderm differentiation, while blockade of fatty acid oxidation impairs differentiation. Mechanistically, reduced de novo fatty acid synthesis and enhanced fatty acid β-oxidation both contribute to the accumulation of intracellular acetyl-CoA, which guarantees the acetylation of SMAD3 and further causes nuclear localization to promote endoderm differentiation. Thus, our current study identifies a fatty acid synthesis/oxidation shift during early differentiation and presents an instructive role for fatty acid metabolism in regulating human endoderm differentiation.

 

全文链接请见:

https://www.cell.com/developmental-cell/fulltext/S1534-5807(23)00335-0

 

 

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